4D Printing is the term to describe Dynamic 3D Printing Systems. You have three Dimensions or Degrees of Freedom for space and one additional Degree of Freedom for another Parameter that is usually time, Temperature, Humidity etc.

4D Printing Structures are 3D Dimensional shapes, where their shapes change with time or any other environmental Parameters such as temperature, humidity or other physical parameters. Most of 4D Printing materials consist of two or more materials. 

In this course, you will learn

  • The State of the Art in 4D Printing
  • Material Selection for 4D Printing
  • Design for 4D Printing
  • Fabrication methods of 4D Printing Materials and Structures
  • Open Opportunities in Research and Business

Please pay attention that this course